• Adriana Tanese Nogueira


It is important to understand how the psyche works because it helps us to avoid conflicts, pain and complications.

Jung was the first to realize that somehow “everything is a psyche” because we see the world through our psyche. But we can map some things: we have a conscious and an unconscious psyche. Freud, more than a century ago, demonstrated that we have a part of our psyche and even our personality that is unconscious. Modern science has proven this via its mechanisms.

Who are "we" in this thing we call "psyche"? We are a self that defines itself from what it is not. The Self (which becomes a "common ego" when it lives from its navel) is the center of our personality, it is only partially aware of itself. There are areas of yourself that he does not know (example: do you know those things that others see of you and you do not see? Their projections or your blindness? Their daydreams or your ignorance?)

The Self by nature must have a structure strong enough not to be overthrown by the contents of the unconscious, otherwise it is simply swallowed and disappears as a subject. This is what drives madness (schizophrenia, psychosis, etc.). What is meant by “contents of the unconscious”? Fears, emotions, memories, visions, sensations, traumas and even intuitions. Finally, everything that can shake the stability of the ego. If you were to give a lecture to a thousand people, you must have a strong self to sustain internal tension and face the public, right? If the concern at the event is greater than the Self, the lecture will not be the best.

Thus, the Self, to build something (from a career perspective) must have an internal structure that implies a certain "insensitivity" in the face of feelings, emotions, sensations. However, beware!, so that this same Self can evolve, grow, improve, learn even, it needs to have a certain “vulnerability” to be, metaphorically speaking, fertilized. Jung said that the Self is like an island that emerges from the deep waters of the unconscious. If the island is not washed by the waters it ends up becoming barren land, if it is constantly flooded it will not grow on it either. Explaining: the first case reflects those people who are not open to anything new or different (from what they are and believe) because the new content would question their belief system (=weak ego). The second case is of those people who believe in everything and/or are too emotional and cannot get the lucidity to think clearly and/or decide wisely (=weak ego).

A strong ego can withstand the wind, the flood, the difficulty and it comes out stronger because it has learned a lesson, because it has taken advantage of the disagreement, the obstacle, the need to change course, focus, idea and belief to grow. A weak self will need guards and control to make everything go according to how it works because if something goes off track it does not know how to manage the unexpected and is afraid of being defeated.

Psychoanalysis is the art and science of teaching how to move between these realities without sinking into the swamp of the emotional (traumas, fears, insecurities, insistent doubts) or becoming rigid in impermeability (of rigid thinking and dogmatic beliefs that prevent the unfolding of emotional and cognitive intelligence). This seesaw mirrors the psychological and social reality of the times we live in.

There's the hunting day and the hunter's day. The Self, as all the great masters of humanity have said, is not the lord of the earth. If he wants to continue to survive and thrive, he must learn to question himself and put the truth above his will. When these prevail, we are facing an ego that screams “I want because I want”! And to camouflage his egoic desire, he invents daydreams that he sells as "truths". His total lack of scruples guarantees him that wooden face that those inundated by emotions, those without clarity of thought and above all those that mirror the same desire for omnipotence think they are the proof that “I want because I want” is based on a will sovereign and unbeatable. The god himself would be speaking through their mouths (god with a small d, of course).

The sin of omnipotence is this: forgetting that we are creatures among other creatures and that we all deserve peace and love to carry out those calls and talents that make collective good prosper.

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